INDIA : THE Beginning of a DEMOCRACY - Republic Day

Today for the first time in our long and chequered history we find the whole of this vast land from Kashmir in the north to Cape Comorin in the South, from Kathiawad and Kutch in the west Coconada and Kamrup in the east, brought together under the jurisdiction of one Constitution and one Union which takes over the responsibility for the welfare of more than 320 million men and women that inhabit it

President Prasad said in his historic speech on 26th January 1950. A Tuesday Toast to the Pride of being an Indian, the largest Democracy in the world and all this even after 66 YEARS of the establishment of one such constitution. The Constitution was constituted with 22 parts, 8 schedules and 395 articles of rights and policies to run this saga of freedom and the people of this free country.

WHY 26th JANUARY

Coz this was the day when way back in 1930, our freedom fighters announced Indian Independence or purna Swaraj under the Indian National Congress, the first National Political Party. And no it’s got nothing to do with the Congress today.

Adoption and In Effect

Although the Constitution was adopted on 26th of November 1949 by the Indian Government but it then came into effect on the Morning on 26Th January 1950 after the 127 signatures of our leaders who were then part of the Indian Government. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India presided over the Republic Day, held at the Durbar, Hall at Government House. A salute of mighty 31 guns shortly after 10:30 AM (reports by Fauji Akhbar) unfurled the Historic ceremony of the Free India.

The FIRST CEREMONY

The President riding in an open Buggy, reached the center unlike today’ demand for Bullet Proof cars, to the first speech of Constitution and declared a 2 Day National Holiday. No Parade No Setups, just a simple beginning with a message to the massive dreams of Free Indians and their Rights. Indonesia President, President Sukarno is the Chief Guest of 1st Indian Republic Day

THE Brains of INDIA and writing the Constitution

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, is considered the great creator and architect of the Indian Constitution along with Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant, Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, N Gopalaswami Ayengar, B L Mitter, Md. Saadullah, and D P Khaitan. And by themselves created the first handwritten and calligraphed versions of the Constitution in English and Hindi originally, the pages of which are still preserved.

The AMENDMENTS

395 Articles and 8 schedules to 448 articles and 12 schedules within 22 Parts, it still is the most powerful constitution of the times. 18 June 1951, when first amendment was made to the last one made on 1st August 2015, a total of 100 amendments have been made.

REPUBLIC day TODAY

A One Day National Holiday, and a grand ceremony is held at Rajpath, New Delhi The Capital Of India, that starts with unfurling the Tiranga by the President followed by Rashtriya Gaan (Jan Gana Man) and a speech of the Day commemorating the making of constitution. A parade of the states then marches through the grounds shining with unity in diversity along with the Forces that live their lives on the threads of Pride and Valour at the Borders to keep our Heads High and lives safe. Awards like Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Kirti Charkra are all announced on this Day to honor the ever present greatness amongst us, the people of India who watch with eyes gleaming in Pride and mark the victory of the constitution.

5 FACTS that make our constitution stand apart

The least amendments
The longest constitution
2 years and 11 months of Making
The Most Populous and Largest Democracy
Handwritten and Calligraphed in Hindi and English Originally